Carolina wolf spider (Hogna carolinensis), also known as the Giant Carolina wolf spider is the largest of the wolf spider species in North America. It is found all over the United States and southern Canada.
Characteristics and Behavior
Like other wolf spider species, Carolina wolf spider is marked by three rows of eyes which distinguish the genus from the resembling Nursery web spider. The bottom row consists of four small eyes, the middle row is notable for two large eyes, while the upper row has two medium-sized eyes. Their eyes will reflect light in the dark if you hold a flashlight at the level of their eyes. They are nocturnal predators and rely on their excellent sight to catch prey. Another thing that makes the wolf spiders unique is the way the females carry their eggs and spiderlings. The eggs and later spiderlings are always carried around by the females on the abdomen and the back, respectively.
Carolina wolf spider grows about 3 to 4 inches. Its body is brown-grey and has a dark stripe in the center of the abdomen. Long legs are covered with hair. Unlike other popular spider pets, Carolina wolf spider is not as colorful because it uses camouflage for protection. Nevertheless, it is a great display species and is one of the most popular spider pets after tarantulas.
Carolina wolf spider is terrestrial and does not build webs. It spends most of the time on the ground but may burrow to some extent. It is not particularly aggressive and will not bite unless provoked or feeling threatened, however, it tends to be nervous and runs very fast which is why it is not recommendable to handle it. Carolina wolf spider is not poisonous, while its bite usually causes only some itching but it can cause a serious allergic reaction in individuals who are allergic to spider venom.
If you would like to keep Carolina wolf spider, you are recommended to search for a female because they live longer than males. Females that are slightly larger than males are expected to live about 3 years.
Carolina wolf spider feeds on a variety of insects. Offer your spider live insects such as crickets, cockroaches and other large insects. They prefer to feed at night like other nocturnal spider species. Use a shallow dish to offer water.
Carolina wolf spiders are not very demanding when it comes to housing but it is crucial to provide them as longest and widest tank as possible. They are terrestrial spiders and the height of the tank is not important. Since they like to burrow to certain extent, you should provide your pet at least 3 inches of substrate. Decoration is not necessary but a rock, a log or a similar item will be appreciated. The tank should be kept at 75 °F to 85 °F and at 75% to 85% humidity levels. You can create the optimal humidity levels by covering the tank with a plastic wrap or regular misting with a spray bottle.